Our Approach

Our Approach

Forced displacement, whether induced by climate change, disasters or violence, carries huge implications that impact on the achievement of UN’s 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) commitment to “leave no one behind”.

The UN General Assembly (GA) called for a global response for collective action and support that ensures that forced displacement and migration challenges are addressed in a coherent, comprehensive and balanced manner backed by international responsibility sharing that supports hosting countries.

To deliver on the above challenge, there is growing international recognition that development actors should engage earlier than they have been and adopt a longer term approach to planning at the onset of displacement and, in collaboration with displacement affected governments, host communities and international humanitarian partners.

The New York Declaration’s Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) seeks a multisector approach in dealing with displacement that takes cognisance of the development impacts of displacement on host communities and governments.

The need for a regional approach to anchor the developmental approach to forced displacement is rooted in the commitments made in the IGAD Regional Strategy 2016 which focuses on the promotion of regional cooperation and integration in order to achieve sustainable development, peace and security in the region in general, the IGAD Social Development Strategy and particularly drawing from the IGAD Regional Migration Policy Framework (RMPF).

At the regional level, the DRDIP contributes to the RMPF that recognizes the importance of engaging communities hosting refugees in an effort to promote co-existence for peace and security and tapping into the development potential of refugees and migrants.

It also complements the regional efforts within IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI) in the development of arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) that often host refugee populations by reducing vulnerability to shocks like droughts through the different socio economic interventions. In line with this, the Regional Secretariat anchors dialogue on the IGAD Regional Consultative Processes (RCP) on migration that aims to promote the common position of the IGAD Member States as provided in the AU’s and IGAD’s Migration Policy Frameworks.

Furthermore the RCP aims to facilitate regional dialogue and cooperation in migration management amongst IGAD Member States by:

  1. Fostering greater understanding and policy coherence in migration
  2. Strengthening regional, institutional and technical capacities to implement the Migration Policy Framework for Africa, the African Common Position on Migration and Development, the Joint Africa-EU Declaration on Migration and Development and other AU and IGAD policies on migration; and
  3. Improving inter-state and intra-regional cooperation on migration management among countries of origin, transit and destination.

The established National Coordination Mechanisms (NCMs) on Migration in the IGAD countries will serve as a platform for bringing in various stakeholders together in dialogue on how to pursue comprehensive approaches. Since the PIUs in the project countries are outside of what is considered migration and displacement domain, they will be brought in to these platforms to share experiences and learn from other agencies. NCMs already have representation from the refugee management authorities, crucial actors in the search for solutions for refugees. Lessons emanating from the national mechanisms will feed into regional discussions through the RCP or other learning and sharing platforms.

For continuation and sustainability, the Regional Secretariat is established as part of the broader migration program of IGAD already endorsed by the member states. Its work forms an integral part of the RMPF and beyond the grant duration, learning at the regional level, advocacy and policy dialogue on the development approach to displacement will be continued.

The partnerships established between member states, the humanitarian and development partners will be woven into the NCMs at the country level and the RCP at the regional level.

The Regional Secretariat will seek to improve mechanisms to inform, support and innovate solutions to displacement in the region based on research findings, lesson learned and best practices gained. It will pursue strategic linkages with the pilot initiatives of the CRRF and complement and support its implementation by working closely with UNHCR in this endeavour. This strategy therefore complements and contributes to other Regional, Continental and Global Frameworks such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the New York Declaration, and Leaders’ Summit on Refugees, The Nairobi Declaration, the Addis Ababa commitment on Financing for Development, the Great Lakes Initiative and the World Bank Africa strategy.

IGAD Regional Secretariat on Forced Displacement and Mixed Migration